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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all around the world and also have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they have become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and areas of the Earth, over the previous ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is supposed to be caused by insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once acquired at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs could then be transported and brought back to the homes of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels worldwide have now banned the usage of travellers own sleeping linen in common accommodation as a security precaution against this insect.
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In ancient infestations, bed bugs are usually found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Later, as the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which might be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very difficult to view on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding areas are evident by black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There may be an offensive candy sticky odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour called buggy is like the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells might also be found near such areas, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and the launch of alarm pheromones can make them very hard to deal with as bed bugs become alert and fast vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs may also propagate into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will feed and therefore are very likely to haven in close proximity. In cases like this, new locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying Homepage reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the bite site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or may take up to 9-14 days to develop.
The red wheals can range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly occur in individuals which are allergic, but this is rare. .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common from the effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different places on the entire body. Another feature is the bites are sometimes in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are caused by the bed bug being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may feed on mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they can carry diseases like hepatitis they are not known to transfer such ailments to other individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is an issue. It's not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and could be deposited in hidden areas that are difficult to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller dimensions of the newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is detected, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and handled if additionally influenced.
This can be completed by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment as it eliminates all dust and debris from the site of the infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.